Trim tops off eggplant. Cut eggplant into 3/4" thick pieces, about 3" in length.
Place in a bowl. Cover with cold water and 1 tablespoon kosher salt. Let sit 15 minutes.
Drain eggplant, rinse under cold water, and pat dry with paper towels.
Return eggplant to dry bowl. Toss with one tablespoon oil.
Air Fry eggplant at 390-400 degrees for about 15 minutes, until inside flesh is tender.
While eggplant is air-frying, prepare Eggplant Meat Sauce.
Marinade ground turkey with soy sauce and 1 teaspoon rice wine for 15 minutes.
Heat 1 tablespoon oil in a wok or large skillet.
Add garlic and ginger; stir-fry until fragrant, about 30 seconds. Add crushed Szechuan peppercorns and chili paste; cook for another minute.
Add marinated meat and stir-fry until brown.
Add rice wine, sugar, vinegar, and 3 tablespoons water. Bring to a boil; then reduce heat and add air-fried eggplant. Toss and simmer for 2-3 minutes.
Mix cornstarch with 2 teaspoons cold water; stir into eggplant to thicken sauce.
Drizzle with sesame oil and toss. Garnish with chopped scallions.